CMS, from the English Content Management System (content management system), is software that allows users to post or modify information already posted on the site without the involvement of site developers. This means that the user does not need to have programming skills or knowledge of the HTML language, for example, to publish news, an article or an image on his website. Often, along with the term CMS, you can also hear the term "site engine", which webmasters usually use in their professional slang.
When the Internet was still young, when a huge spider of progress was just beginning to weave its world wide web, they appeared — the first websites. Their support and constant updating required knowledge of the language of hypertext markup (HTML) and skills in working with graphic images.
However, websites that consisted of several pages of text and a couple of pictures were long gone. To date, almost every website has at least several different sections and subsections, a lot of graphics, flash animation, music and video files on their pages. Managing all this diversity, sometimes even from a professional webmaster, requires considerable knowledge and time, and what about the owners of the site — people who often do not have the necessary baggage of this knowledge, and who do not have time?
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Obviously, you need some tool, with which the task of managing the site is greatly simplified. And there is such a tool! The content management system (content site) or CMS is the right solution.
CMS consists of two parts:
- back-office is the part of the system responsible for the functionality and storage of information;
- front-office is a part of the system that provides an interface with the user.
CMS web development: why do you need it?
As noted above, the need to create a CMS was caused by an increase in the complexity of the design and content of sites. Websites have ceased to be static, and the speed of updating information on their pages has become the key to the success of many commercial projects. Previously, to manage the site, you had to manually change the codes of all interconnected pages, which was very tedious. In addition, attracting a webmaster from the outside threatened commercial companies with a breach of security policy. With the advent of CMS, site management has ceased to be a routine "code interruption". This allowed us to focus on the semantic content of published information, rather than its design.
CMS app development: how does the CMS work?
The principle of operation of all CMS is based on the separation of content (content) and design (design) of the site. Typically, the design of the site is changing rarely, while content changes can occur not only every day but even every hour. Therefore, in their work CMS uses so-called templates — special "blank" page preparations, in which the site design is already registered and it remains only to fill them with information. The user just needs to use a special WYSIWYG editor. This editor in appearance is very similar to the usual text editors of office applications, so the user does not have much difficulty mastering it. And the presence of a large number of ready-made templates in the system makes it possible to choose the right design in just a few minutes.
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Information is stored in a database, for example, in MySQL and is called from it when the site pages are loaded. The operation of the CMS doesn't require the installation of additional software, since the system itself is on the server, and access to it is carried out through a regular Internet browser. Content management systems support a variety of common browsers, such as Internet Explorer, Mozilla FireFox, Opera, etc.
Types of CMS
Like any other software product, the management system can be paid and free, open source or without. Advantages, for example, of paid systems, consist in constant technical support from the manufacturer, in constant updates of product versions, as well as a higher degree of security in comparison with free products. At the same time, systems distributed free of charge compensate for the main disadvantage of paid CMS — their cost.
Access to the source code in open source systems allows you to change some functions, expand the capabilities of the CMS. It should be noted that the open source CMS code does not always mean that they are free, because there are both paid and free Open Source CMSs.
What are the advantages of CMS?
Advantages that the use of CMS makes it convenient to consider at different angles: from the point of view of the site developer and his user.
- From the position of the developer of the site. Thanks to the availability of ready-made modules, CMS makes it possible to make changes in the structure of sites qualitatively and efficiently by linking these modules. The use of modules also provides a higher quality of development, since it reduces the likelihood of errors in the program code.
- From the position of the user. CMS offers primarily a user-friendly interface for editing the content of the site, without requiring special knowledge in the field of web design, HTML-layout, etc. Also, CMS allows you not only to show visitors information to the site but also interact with them in a dialogue mode: visitors can register, chat on the forum or in a chat room, leave their comments and wishes in the guestbook, etc.
P.S. Get a skillfully designed, and most importantly easy-to-use site — this is the main goal that prosecuted professionals. Using content management systems, you can easily achieve this goal, saving time and money!
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WordPress CMS development company: a flexible approach
We work on a methodology that is convenient for you: Waterfall + iteration, SCRUM or Agile. We are not afraid of changes on the go and are ready to provide timely communication and information about the stages of the project. If desired, we provide access to the Git version control system and the task-tracker. Each client receives a personal, competent project manager who is able to answer most questions. If necessary, a meeting with the participation of specialists and programmers is possible.